The Anatomy of CNC Cutting Machines

The Anatomy of CNC Cutting Machines

The first ever batch of CNC cutting machines came about in the 1940s up until the later part of the 1950s. These pieces of equipment relied heavily on the technology known as telecommunication data storage, otherwise known as the “perforated paper tape” or “punched tape”.  Truly, the punched tape technology is already out-of-date since medium for data swiftly transitioned to analog. Then, after which came the digital computer processing of the 1950s to 1960s.  

How Does CNC Cutting Machines Work? 

In essence, machining is one way you can transform a stock piece of an object, like for instance a block of plastic and eventually come up with a finished product by virtue of the so-called control object removal process. Much like any other prototype production technology, CNC technology relies heavily on digital instructions coming from a computer aided design file. A typical example of which is Solidworks 3D. Or you may try computer aided manufacturing (CAM) software. 

Your CNC machine would interpret your design file as a set of instructions and will carry it out to cut the prototype parts you are intending to print out. Designing a computer program to control machine tools in a snap will help a lot in advancing a shop’s level of productivity by automating what can be best described as a labor-intensive and highly technical processes. 

Automated cuts will enhance the level of accuracy and speed with which prototype parts are designed and created for, most especially when this material is critically scarce or not being produced by the original manufacturers anymore. 

Most of the time, machining processes necessitate the utilization of a manifold of tools that will help in making the desired cuts, like for instance different sized screws. It is normal for CNC machines to combine tools and render them as common cells or units from which the piece of equipment can draw.  

Basic machines may move in say 1 or 2 axes, whereas the advanced machines can move in a longitudinal direction in the Z-axis and laterally in the x and y-axis. They can also rotate in just one or more axes. As for the multi-axis machines, they can automatically flip over parts, allowing for the removal of the part which was previously “underneath”.  By this virtue, you are going to eliminate the need for workers who will be tasked on flipping the stock of prototype material, giving you a way to cut on all sides sans the need for a human hand intervention. 

Generally speaking, cuts that are fully automated tend to be more accurate as opposed to the possibility of manual inputs. With this, we can say that there would be moments when finishing work such as etching would have better results when carried out manually  

CNC Cutting Machine and 3D Printing: Which is the Better Option?

Honestly, we can’t answer this with just one, singular, straight-away answer because it all depends – on the complexity of the part, on the material, or on the economic aspects that are at play. 3D printing machines create your parts, from the bottom going up. 

They can also help you come up and produce complex shapes as well as internal components with greater ease as opposed to what a  CNC machine can produce. By contrast, we can safely say that tradition CNC cutter machines are somewhat limited by the axes of rotation which the machine can utilize and the available tools. 

On the flipside, materials can be much more limiting in prototyping as opposed to a machined block of material. Like for instance, if you require a prototype of a standard hinge, you may want to consider the use of CNC and polypropylene. 

Analyzing the Benefits of a Water Jet Cutter

Water jet cutting is quickly becoming one of the best options that companies taken when they have to deal with machine tool cutting procedures. A water jet cutter can literally hack through almost all kinds of materials. This is something that other cutting technologies could not achieve as they would often struggle with some types of materials. As a result, companies today do away with those less productive cutters and switch to water jet cutters instead.

Non-Invasive Method

One of the best benefits of a water jet cutter is the fact that it is non-invasive. A water jet machines does not involve heat, unlike with other machines that involves heat and ends up tampering the end result. This has led firms in today’s time to use water jet cutting technology as one the ways of introducing green methods in their operations. When using a water jet, there will be very little chance for distortion, poor finishing, or errors that can affect the final product.


Cuts Through Different Materials

If you assess the benefits that a water jet machine can offer, one of the most notable facts about this technology is that it can cut through almost any kind of material. The range of materials include metals, glass, stones, and composites. These materials are managed with the help of the machine with precision and best results.


Not Prone to Side Forces

If you want to work or cut on a specific type of material, you can rest assured that you will not be wasting any time in fixturing the material because the technology is not prone to side forces. This simply means that you can quickly switch between tasks. Also, you can work on various materials and jobs without having to change your tools. If you depend on abrasive water jet technique, there is no need to worry because they are automated and controlled by a software, so you can get the kind of precision that you want for the design shapes that you need to cut.


Cut Multiple Designs

If you are searching for a way to increase productivity with your water jet machine, you will have the provision of cutting different designs in a single pass. The technology is capable of automating and managing multiple cutters in order to increase productivity. When using the cutter, you will be spared from any worries about its finishing since it guarantees high quality cuts and there is no need for any additional dressing to meet the set standards. For other machines, they are likely to leave a crude edge and will require a secondary touch. In addition, any type of material that will be cut would still be able to maintain its structural makeup without any distortion.

If you are looking for the best cutter out there, make sure that it has the benefits listed above and more. Doing so will give you the confidence that you have the right cutter for your needs and you will achieve your needed results.


Diamond Core Drilling

Diamond core drilling has revolutionized the mining industry over the recent years. As a result, many ores are being discovered that would otherwise have gone untapped. Mining was dependent on finding boulders of rocks before diamond drilling was introduced. Very little information was available regarding ore concentrations below the surface within the earth. Diamond drilling makes it possible to remove solid cylinders of rocks from beneath the earth.

The Drill Rig


Diamond core drilling uses diamond bits. It is composed of a group of small, industrial grade diamonds set into a metallic, soft matrix and attached to the last part of hollow drill rod. You can attach more sections of pipe to the top of this to reach greater depth for drilling. The number of pipes or rods attached to the top of the drill rod is often used to estimate the depth that is drilled.


These types of drilling rigs can cut through a cylindrical rock-hard core. You can change the hardness of the matrix from brass to high-grade steel according to the rock, which has to be cut. Inside the small piece, there are hole that allow water to be carried to the cutting face for lubrication, cooling, and to wash away the drill cuttings from the opening.


The Process


Diamond drilling is typically slower than reverse circulation drilling because of the toughness of the ground being drilled. These diamond drilling rigs are extremely costly. That is why you need to drill little by little when using the rig to extend the life of drill bits and rods.


A lifter tube is used to take core samples. The empty tube is lowered within the rod string using a winch cable until it stops within the core barrel. The cable locks on to the backend on the top end of the lifter tube. As drilling progresses, the lifter tube slips over the core. The core lifter can then be dragged to the surfaced by the winch cable.


You then detach the core sample from the rod and record it. After cleaning and calculating the core, you break it down into small pieces using a hammer, creating it in shape and then place them into the sample trays. Geologist will collect the core trays and study the core samples to find out if the drill site is an excellent location for further mining operations.


Diamond drilling rigs can also be a part of a multi-combination rig. Multi-combination rigs are a twin setup rig, which are able to operate in either a reverse circulation or diamond drilling, but cannot do the two roles at the same time. This can be used in exploration drilling at extremely isolated locations.